4. Wing Chun
In Wing Chun, they teach students not to face your opponent directly. Instead try and angle off and hit your opponent at close range. This sometimes prevents them from getting pummelled in the face immediately when the fight begins, instead of moments later.
A Chinese martial art developed in the 1600s, the folklore describing the development of this fighting style is rather unique. According to legend, a woman named Ng Mui came upon a snake and crane involved in combat one day. Mui sat and studied how the two animals were engaging with one another, because she apparently had nothing else to do that day.
The woman later combined the lessons she learned that day with what she knew of Kung Fu, and created a brand new discipline.
Evidently watching a snake and crane fight each other was of no help to this guy: